Study in Canada

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Education System - Canada


Why Study in Canada?


The education system in Canada encompasses both publicly-funded and private schools including: community colleges / technical institutes, career colleges, language schools, secondary schools,  summer camps, universities and university colleges


Canadian Education System


Education in Canada is under the complete jurisdiction of the provinces and territories (States) and as such, there is no Federal (Central) education system in Canada. In keeping with the national commitment to education, public education in Canada is free up to and including secondary school (12th Std), in all the provinces. At the post-secondary level, institutions are divided into community colleges and universities. A significant number of university graduates attend college upon completion of their degree in order to acquire vocational skills for employment


Types of Certification in Canada


  • Certificate: Canadian Certificate Is a qualification awarded upon successful completion of a programme which is usually one year in length

  • Diploma: Canadian Diploma is a qualification awarded on the basis of one or two year's of successful study

  • Advanced Diploma: Canadian Advanced Diploma Is a 3 years program some of which may lead to a Bachelors Degree. It generally precedes the final year of Bachelors level studies

  • Bachelors Degrees: Canadian Bachelors Degree is awarded by Universities, University Colleges, Community Colleges after four years of full-time study. This leads to graduate (postgraduate) level studies

  • Post Graduate Diplomas / Certificates: Canadian Post Graduate Certificate or Post Graduate Diploma is level of study undertaken after a 3 years or 4 years Bachelors Degree. It leads to a Masters Degree. These programs have work terms which provide full-time opportunities to gain practical experience along with theoretical studies. A typical co-op term lasts 12 to 17 weeks

  • Masters Degree: Students who have successfully finished their Bachelors level education can opt to study a Canadian Masters Degree. It is typically for those graduates who have an interest in further learning and research, and for those who want to broaden their career possibilities. It is of 2 years duration and can be pursued after a 4 years Bachelors or a 3 years Bachelors and a 1 year Post Graduate Diploma from Canada. Masters degree generally will take a time period of 2 years to finish and will also involve a blend of course work and thesis (also known as dissertation)

  • MBA: MBA in Canada can be studied after finishing a Bachelors degree. It generally requires a 4 years Bachelors. Most Canadian MBAs will require at least 3 years of work experience with a good GMAT score 

  • Doctorate or PhD: Is a degree ranking above the Masters Degree and generally requires four to seven years to complete

  • Post-doctoral: These programmes are much more specialized, research oriented programmes.  One of the most important factors in granting post-doctorate fellowships is the personal network established between the interested applicant and the faculty member within the institution


Co-operative Work Term in Canada


Co-op is a work term provided as part and parcel of the course curriculum. It provides an excellent opportunity to students to gain first hand practical experience related to the field of specialization. Students can gain on-the-job experience while continuing to study . Co-op provides full time opportunities that last for 12 to 17 weeks.

Co-Operative work programmes, combine courses in many subjects with relevant work, giving students an invaluable head start with their careers. This assists International students in connecting with the Canadian job market and developing a network with the Canadian companies.


Types of Education Institutions in Canada



The degrees & diplomas from Canadian Institutions are among the most widely recognized in the world. The education system in Canada encompasses of both public funded & private institutions. Students have a diverse choice of 92 Universities & 175 Community Colleges offering a wide array of programmes. While pursuing their studies, the students, are allowed to work for the first 6 months on-campus and thereafter off-campus. Student can earn more from vocational & Technology courses than normal degrees.


Post secondary education is offered by four types of educational institutions:


Technical / Career Colleges: These are privately owned and operated with the main objective of preparing students for the job market after a short period of instruction. The emphasis at career colleges is on practical skills over a broad range of programmes. Students seeking short-term training programs in multimedia, film studies, computer/internet studies, graphic design and hospitality to name a few, may want to consider applying to a career college.


Some examples of Canadian education Institutions of this type are: Le Cordon Bleu Ottawa Culinary Arts Institute, Vancouver Film School, Imperial Hotel Management College and such other Institutions


Community Colleges & Technical Institutes: They typically have more career oriented, practical/ technical related curricula, with small classes, off-campus course offerings, a greater ratio of laboratory space to class room space, and an interactive teaching style


Here are some Institutions of the said type: Northwest Community College, Vancouver Community College, New Brunswick Community College, Nova Scotia Community College, Algonquin College of Applied Arts and Technology, Centennial College of Applied Arts and Technology and many more


University Colleges: As a component of the Canadian University system, University Colleges offer students a choice of either academic oriented university degree programmes or the more practical-oriented college diplomas and certificates. Students intending to acquire a degree at a university can complete their first two years of study at a community college or university college and earn credits


Universities: Canadian Universities are largely public funded and as a result, offer consistently high quality education at lower tuition rates for International students than their counterparts in competing countries. They offer a broad range of courses and degrees from Undergraduate to Doctorate and also certificate and professional degrees. Class sizes in universities are generally large


Some popular (or known) Canadian Universities are Carleton University (Ottawa), University of Ontario Institute of Technology (Oshawa), University of Toronto (Toronto), University of Saskatchewan (Saskatoon), University of Alberta (Edmonton), University of Calgary (Calgary), York University (Toronto), McGill University (Montreal), McMaster University (Hamilton), Dalhousie University (Halifax) and many more


Grade Point Average (GPA)


The average grade achieved by a student during the course of an educational program, is calculated on various scales depending on the Institution. (eg : generally a student may be evaluated an a 4 point scale or a 9 point scale)



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Universities & Colleges

  • University of Toronto
  • McGill University
  • Simon Fraser University
  • York University
  • University of Calgary
  • University of Alberta
  • University of Waterloo
  • University of Windsor
  • Seneca College
  • Centennial College
  • Sprott-Shaw Community College
  • Mohawk College
  • University of Windsor
  • University of Canada West
  • Dalhousie University
  • McMaster University
  • See All »


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